Ghana,officially the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign state and unitary presidential constitutional republic located on the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the Africa frontier of Sub-Saharian Africa. Ghana has a 238,535 km2 land mass with 2,093 kilometres of international land borders, and is located within West Africa. The population of Ghana is divided into some 75 ethnic groups. In the recent census of 2012 the estimated population of Ghana is 25,000 000(females-51%, males 49), giving the country an overall population density of 78 persons per sq km (201 per sq mi).The most densely populated parts of the country are the coastal areas, the Ashanti region, and the two principal cities, Accra and Kumasi. About 70 percent of the total population lives in the southern half of the country. The most numerous peoples are the coastal Fanti, andthe Ashanti, who live in central Ghana, both of whom belong to theAkan family.T he Accra plains are inhabited by the Ga-Adangbe. Most of the inhabitants in the northern region belong to the Moshi-Dagomba or to the Gonja group.
Traditional religions accounts for 5.2% of the population. The Christian population also accounts for 71.2% of the total population and includes Roman Catholics, Baptist, Protestants, etc. The Muslim population (17.6 percent of the total) is located chiefly in the northern part of the country.
Religious tolerance in Ghana is very high. The major Christian celebrations of Christmas and Easter are recognized as national holidays. Ramadan, the Islamic month of fasting, is observed by Muslims in Ghana and important traditional occasions are celebrated. These festivals include the Adae, which occur fortnightly, and the annual Odwira festivals.
MS 1 (Cf. CC 2; Dir 26.)